Fisher, J.B., Sikka, M., Block, G.L., Schwalm, C.R., Parazoo, N.C., Kolus, H.R., Sok, M., Wang, A., Gagne-Landmann, A., Lawal, S., Guillaume, A., Poletti, A., Schaefer, K.M., El Masri, B., Levy, P.E., Wei, Y., Dietze, M.C., Huntzinger, D.N., in review. The JPL Terrestrial Biosphere Model Farm. Submitted to: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems.

Krishnamurthy, P.K., Fisher, J.B., Choularton, R.J., Kareiva, P.M., in review. Detecting food security tipping points. Submitted to: Nature.

Cooley, S.S., Fisher, J.B., Halverson, G.H., Goldmisth, G.R., in review. Water use efficiency of global climate transition hotspots reveals critical ecosystem vulnerabilities. Submitted to: Nature Plants.

Braghiere, R.K., Fisher, J.B., Fisher, R.A., Shi, M., Steidinger, B.S., Sulman, B.N., Soudzilovskaia, N.A., Yang, X., Liang, J., Peay, K.G., Crowther, T.W., Phillips, R.P., in review. Climate change impacts on mycorrhizae amplify nitrogen limitation on global plant growth. Submitted to: New Phytologist.

Braghiere, R.K., Fisher, J.B., Allen, K., Brzostek, E., Shi, M., Yang, X., Ricciuto, D., Fisher, R., Sulman, B., Zhu, Q., Phillips, R., in review. Global carbon cost of plant nitrogen and phosphorus acquisition. Submitted to: Global Change Biology.

Byun, K., Fisher, J.B., Son, K., Missik, J., Gao, Z., Liu, H., Chen, X., in review. ECOSTRESS discovers that distance to river controls plant water use and stress in a semi-arid riparian ecosystem. Submitted to: Water Resources Research.

Cawse-Nicholson, K., Hook, S.J., Fisher, J.B., Schimel, D., Braverman, A., Halverson, G., in review. Diurnal evapotranspiration and stomatal closure: new results from ECOSTRESS. Submitted to: Geophysical Research Letters.

Peng, S., Yu, K., Fisher, J.B., Gentine, P., Li, Z., in review. The simultaneous time-lag and -accumulation effects of climatic factors on global vegation activity. Submitted to: New Phytologist.

• Shang, K., Liang, S., Zhang, Y., Fisher, J.B., Chen, J., Liu, S., Xu, Z., Zhang, Y., Jia, K., Zhang, X., Yang, J., Bei, X., Guo, X., Yu, R., Xie, Z., Zhang, L., in review. DNN-MET: A Deep Neural Networks method to integrate satellite-derived evapotranspiration products, eddy covariance observations and ancillary information. Submitted to: Remote Sensing of Environment.

Melo, D.C.D., Anache, J.A.A., Wendland, E., Borges, V.P., Miralles, D., Martens, B., Fisher, J.B., Nóbrega, R.L.B., Moreno, A., Cabral, O.M.R., Rodrigues, T.R., Bezerra, B., Silva, C.M.S., Meira Neto, A.A., Moura, M.S.B., Marques, T.V., Campos, S., Nogueira, J.S., Rosolem, R., Souza, R., Antonio, A.C.D., Holl, D., Galleguillos, M., Pérez-Quezada, J.F., Verhoef, A., Kutzbach, L., Lima, J.R.S., Souza, E.S., Gassman, M.I., Pérez, C.F., Tonti, N., Posse, G., Rains, D., Oliveira, P.T.S., in review. Are remote sensing evapotranspiration models reliable across South American climates and ecosystems? Submitted to: Water Resources Research.

• Desai, A.R., Khan, A.M., Zheng, T., Paleri, S., Butterworth, B., Lee, T.R., Fisher, J.B., Hulley, G., Kleynhans, T., Gerace, A., Townsend, P.A., Stoy, P.C., Metzger, S., in review. Multi-sensor approach for high space and time resolution land surface temperature. Submitted to: Earth and Space Science.

Melton, F., Huntington, J., Grimm, R., Herring, J. Hall, M., Rollison, D., Erickson, T., Allen, R., Anderson, M., Blankenau, P., Bromley, M., Daudert, B., Doherty, C., Dunkerly, C., Fisher, J.B., Friedrichs, M., Guzman, A., Hain, C., Halverson, G., Hansen, J., Harding, J., Johnson, L., Kang, Y., Kilic, A., Minor, B., Morton, C., Ortega-Salazar, S., Ott, T., Ozdogan, M., Revelle, P., Ruhoff, A., Schull, M., Senay, G., Volk, J., Wang, T., Yang, Y., in review. OpenET: filling the biggest data gap in water management for the Western United States. Submitted to: Journal of the American Water Resources Association.

• Cusack, D.F., Addo-Danso, S, Agee, E.A., Andersen, K.M., Arnaud, M., Batterman, S.A., Brearley, F.Q., Ciochina, M., Cordeiro, A.L., Diaz-Toribio, M.H., Dietterich, L.H., Fisher, J.B., Fleischer, K., Fortunel, C., Fuchslueger, L., Guerrero-Ramirez, N., Kotowska, M., Lugli, L.F., Marin, C., McCullock, L.A., Maeght, J.-L., Metcalfe, D., Norby, R.J., Oliveira, R.S., Powers, J.S., Reichert, T., Smith, S.W., Smith-Martin, C., Soper, F., Toro, L., Umana, M.N., Valverde-Barrantes, O., Weemstra, M., Werden, L., Wong, M., Wright, J.S., Yaffar, D., in review. Tradeoffs and synergies in tropical forest root traits for nutrient and water acquisition. Submitted to: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change.

Pascolini-Campbell, M., Fisher, J.B., Reager, J.T., in press. GRACE-FO and ECOSTRESS synergies constrain fine-scale impacts on the water balance. Geophysical Research Letters.

El Masri, B., Stinchcomb, G.E., Cetin, H., Ferguson, B., Kim, S.L., Xiao, J., Fisher, J.B., in press. Linking remotely sensed carbon and water use efficiencies with in-situ soil properties. Remote Sensing.

Chen, X., Lee, R.M., Dwivedi, D., Son, K., Fang, Y., Zhang, X., Graham, E., Stegen, J., Fisher, J.B., Scheibe, T.D., in press. Integrating field observations and reactive transport modeling to predict watershed water quality under environmental perturbations. Journal of Hydrology.

Wong, A., Jin, Y., Medellín-Azuara, J., Paw U, K.T., Kent, E.R., Clay, J.M., Gao, F., Fisher, J.B., Rivera, G., Lee, C.M., Hemes, K.S., Eichelmann, E., Baldocchi, D.D., Hook, S.J., in press. Multi-scale assessment of agricultural consumptive water use in California’s Central Valley. Water Resources Research.

Fisher, J.B., Keenan, T.F., Buechner, C., Shirkey, G., Perez-Quezada, J.F., Knox, S.H., Frank, J.M., Runkle, B.R.K., Bohrer, G., 2021. Once upon a time, in AmeriFlux. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 126(1): 1-6.

Xiao, J., Fisher, J.B., Hashimoto, H., Ichii, K., Parazoo, N.C., 2021. Emerging satellite observations for diurnal cycling of ecosystem processes. Nature Plants.

Sousa, D., Fisher, J.B., Galvan, F.R., Pavlick, R.P., Cordelli, S., Giambelluca, T.W., Giardina, C.P., Gilbert, G.S., Imran-Narahari, F., Litton, C.M., Lutz, J.A., North, M.P., Orwig, D.A., Ostertag, R., Sack, L., Phillips. R.P., 2021. Tree canopies reflect mycorrhizal composition. Geophysical Research Letters 48(10): 1-9.

Li, X., Xiao, J., Fisher, J.B., Baldocchi, D.D., 2021. ECOSTRESS estimates gross primary production with fine spatial resolution for different times of day from the International Space Station. Remote Sensing of Environment 258(112360): 1-13.

Yao, Y., Liang, S., Fisher, J.B., Zhang, Y., Chen, J., Jia, K., Zhang, X., Bei, X., Shang, K., Guo, X., Yang, J., 2021. A novel NIR-Red spectral domain evapotranspiration model from the Chinese GF-1 satellite: application to the Huailai agricultural region of China. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 59(5): 4105-4119.

Keller, A.B., Brzostek, E.R., Craig, M.E., Fisher, J.B., Phillips, R.P., 2021. Root-derived inputs are major contributors to soil carbon in temperate forests, but vary by mycorrhizal type. Ecology Letters 24(4): 626-635.

Worden, J., Saatchi, S., Keller, M., Bloom, A.A., Liu, J., Parazoo, N., Fisher, J.B., Bowman, K., Reager, J.T., Fahy, K., Schimel, D., Fu, R., Worden, S., Yin, Y., Gentine, P., Konings, A.G., Quetin, G.R., Williams, M., Worden, H., Shi, M., Barkhordarian, A., 2021. Satellite observations of the tropical terrestrial carbon balance and interactions with the water cycle during the 21st century. Reviews of Geophysics 59(1): 1-38.

Sun, W., Fang, Y., Luo, X., Shiga, Y.P., Zhang, Y., Andrews, A.E., Thoning, K.W., Fisher, J.B., Keenan, T.F., Michalak, A.M., 2021. Midwest US croplands determine model divergence in North American carbon fluxes. AGU Advances 2(2): 1-17.

Fer, I., Gardella, A.K., Shiklomanov, A.N., Campbell, E.E., Cowdery, E.M., De Kauwe, M.G., Desai, A., Duveneck, M.J., Fisher, J.B., Haynes, K.D., Hoffman, F.M., Johnston, M.R., Kooper, R., LeBauer, D.S., Mantooth, J., Parton, W., Poulter, B., Quaife, T., Raiho, A., Schaefer, K., Serbin, S.P., Wilcox, K.R., Viskari, T., Dietze, M.C., 2021. Beyond ecosystem modeling: a roadmap to community cyberinfrastructure for ecological data-model integration. Global Change Biology 27(1): 13-26.

Anderson, M.C., Yang, Y., Xue, J., Knipper, K.R., Yang, Y., Gao, F., Hain, C.R., Kustas, W.P., Cawse-Nicholson, K., Hulley, G., Fisher, J.B., Alfieri, J.G., Meyers, T.P., Prueger, J., Baldocchi, D.D., Rey-Sanchez, C., 2021. Interoperability of ECOSTRESS and Landsat for mapping evapotranspiration time series at sub-field scales. Remote Sensing of Environment 252: 1-19.

Terrer, C., Phillips, R.P., Hungate, B.A., Rosende, J., Pett-Ridge, J., Craig, M., van Groenigen, K.J., Keenan, T.F., Sulman, B.N., Stocker, B.D., Reich, P.B., Pellegrini, A.F.A., Pendall, E., Zhang, H., Evans, R.D., Caillo, Y., Fisher, J.B., Jackson, R.B., 2021. A trade-off between plant and soil carbon storage under elevated CO2. Nature 591: 599-616.

• Cawse-Nicholson, K., Townsend, P.A., Schimel, D., Assiri, A.M., Blake, P.L., Buongiorno, M.F., Campbell, P., Carmon, N., Casey, K.A., Correa-Pabón, R.E., Dahlin, K.M., Dashti, H., Dennison, P., Dierssen, H., Erickson, A., Fisher, J.B., Frouin, R., Gatebe, C.K., Gholizadeh, H., Gierach, M., Glenn, N.F., Goodman, J.A., Griffith, D.M., Guild, L., Hakkenberg, C.R., Hochberg, E.J., Holmes, T.R.H., Hu, C., Hulley, G., Huemmrich, K.F., Kudela, R.M., Kokaly, R.F., Lee, C.M., Martin, R., Miller, C.E., Moses, W.J., Muller-Karger, F.E., Ortiz, J.D., Otis, D.B., Pahlevan, N., Painter, T.H., Pavlick, R., Poulter, B., Qi, Y., Realmuto, V.J., Roberts, D., Schaepman, M.E., Schneider, F.D., Schwandner, F.M., Serbin, S.P., Shiklomanov, A.N., Stavros, E.N., Thompson, D.R., Torres-Perez, J.L., Turpie, K.R., Tzortziou, M., Ustin, S., Yu, Q., Yusup, Y., Zhang, Q., 2021. NASA’s surface biology and geology designated observable: A perspective on surface imaging algorithms. Remote Sensing of Environment 257(112349): 1-25.

Walker, A.P., De Kauwe, M.G., Bastos, A., Belmecheri, S., Georgiou, K., Keeling, R., McMahon, S., Medlyn, B.E., Moore, D.J.P., Norby, R.J., Zaehle, S., Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., Battipaglia, G., Brienen, R.J.W., Cabugao, K., Cailleret, M., Campbell, E., Canadell, J., Ciais, P., Craig, M.E., Ellsworth, D., Farquhar, G., Fatichi, S., Fisher, J.B., Frank, D., Graven, H., Gu, L., Haverd, V., Heilman, K., Heimann, M., Hungate, B.A., Iversen, C.M., Joos, F., Jiang, M., Keenan, T.F., Knauer, J., Smith, W.K., Körner, C., Leshyk, V.O., Leuzinger, S., Liu, Y., MacBean, N., Malhi, Y., McVicar, A.T., Penuelas, J., Pongratz, J., Powell, A.S., Riutta, T., Sabot, M.E.B., Schleucher, J., Sitch, S., Sulman, B., Taylor, B., Terrer, C., Torn, M., Treseder, K., Trugman, A.T., Trumbore, S., van Mantgem, P.J., Voelker, S.L., Whelan, M., Ziudema, P., 2021. Integrating the evidence for a terrestrial carbon sink caused by increasing atmospheric CO2. New Phytologist 229(5): 2413-2445.

Fisher, J.B., Lee, B., Purdy, A.J., Halverson, G.H., Dohlen, M.B., Cawse-Nicholson, K., Wang, A., Anderson, R.G., Aragon, B., Arain, M.A., Baldocchi, D.D., Baker, J.M., Barral, H., Bernacchi, C.J., Bernhofer, C., Biraud, S.C., Bohrer, G., Brunsell, N., Cappelaere, B., Castro-Contreras, S., Chun, J., Conrad, B.J., Cremonese, E., Demarty, J., Desai, A.R., De Ligne, A., Foltýnová, L., Goulden, M.L., Griffis, T.J., Grünwald, T., Johnson, M.S., Kang, M., Kelbe, D., Kowalska, N., Lim, J.-H., Maïnassara, I., McCabe, M.F., Missik, J.E.C., Mohanty, B.P., Moore, C.E., Morillas, L., Morrison, R., Munger, J.W., Posse, G., Richardson, A.D., Russell, E.S., Ryu, Y., Sanchez-Azofeifa, A., Schmidt, M., Schwartz, E., Sharp, I., Šigut, L., Tang, Y., Hulley, G., Anderson, M., Hain, C., French, A., Wood, E., Hook, S., 2020. ECOSTRESS: NASA’s next generation mission to measure evapotranspiration from the International Space Station. Water Resources Research 56(4): 1-20.

Fisher, J.B., Perakalapudi, N.V., Turner, B., Schimel, D.S., Cusack, D.F., 2020. Competing effects of soil fertility and toxicity on tropical greening. Scientific Reports 10(6725): 1-10.

Allen, K.E., Fisher, J.B., Phillips. R.P., Powers, J.S., Brzostek, E.R., 2020. Modeling the carbon cost of plant nitrogen and phosphorus uptake across temperate and tropical forests. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 3(43): 1-12.

Krishnamurthy, P.K., Fisher, J.B., Schimel, D.S., Kareiva, P.M., 2020. Applying tipping point theory to remote sensing science to improve early warning drought signals for food security. Earth’s Future 8(3): 1-14.

Pascolini-Campbell, M.A., Reager, J.T., Fisher, J.B., 2020. GRACE-based mass conservation as a validation target for basin-scale evapotranspiration in the contiguous United States. Water Resources Research 56(2): 1-18.

Kohli, G., Lee, C.M., Fisher, J.B., Halverson, G., Variano, E., Jin, Y., Carney, D., Wilder, B.A., Kinoshita, A.M., 2020. ECOSTRESS and CIMIS: a comparison of potential and reference evapotranspiration in Riverside County, California. Remote Sensing 12(24): 1-12.

Javadian, M., Behrangi, A., Smith, W.K., Fisher, J.B., 2020. Global trends in evapotranspiration dominated by increases across large cropland regions. Remote Sensing 12(7): 1-19.

Huntzinger, D.N., Schaefer, K., Schwalm, C., Fisher, J.B., Hayes, D., Stofferahn, E., Carey, J., Michalak, A.M., Wei, Y., Jain, A.K., Kolus, H., Mao, J., Poulter, B., Shi, X., Tang, J., Tian, H., 2020. Evaluation of simulated soil carbon dynamics in Arctic-Boreal ecosystems. Environmental Research Letters 15(2): 1-14.

Schwalm, C.R., Huntzinger, D.N., Michalak, A.M., Schaefer, K., Fisher, J.B., Fang, Y., Wei, Y., 2020. Modeling suggests fossil fuel emissions have been driving increased land carbon uptake since the turn of the 20th Century. Scientific Reports 10(9059): 1-9.

Sadeghi, M., Ebtehaj, A., Crow, W.T., Gao, L., Purdy, A.J., Fisher, J.B., Jones, S.B., Babaeian, E., Tuller, M., 2020. Global estimates of land surface water fluxes from SMOS and SMAP satellite soil moisture data. Journal of Hydrometeorology 21: 241-253.

Wu, G., Cai, X., Keenan, T.F., Li, S., Luo, X., Fisher, J.B., Cao, R., Li, F., Purdy, A.J., Zhao, W., Sun, X., Hu, Z., 2020. Evaluating three evapotranspiration estimates from model of different complexity over China using the ILAMB benchmarking system. Journal of Hydrology 590: 1-10.

Yang, Y., Ren, W., Tao, B., Ji, L., Liang, L., Ruane, A., Fisher, J.B., Liu, J., Sama, M., Li, Z., Tian, Q., 2020. Characterizing spatiotemporal patterns of crop phenology across North America during 2000-2016 using satellite imagery and agricultural survey data. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 170: 156-173.

He, Y., Peng, S., Liu, Y., Li, X., Wang, K., Ciais, P., Arain, M.A., Fang, Y., Fisher, J.B., Goll, D., Hayes, D., Huntzinger, D., Ito, A., Jacobson, A., Jain, A., Janssens, I., Mao, J., Campioli, M., Michalak, A., Peng, C., Penuelas, J., Poulter, B., Qin, D., Ricciuto, D., Schaefer, K., Schwalm, C., Shi, X., Tian, H., Vicca, S., Wei, Y., Zeng, N., Zhu, Q., 2020. Global vegetation biomass production efficiency constrained by models and observations. Global Change Biology 26(3): 1474-1484.

Shi, M., Fisher, J.B., Phillips. R.P., Brzostek, E.R., 2019. Neglecting plant–microbe symbioses leads to underestimation of modeled climate impacts. Biogeosciences 16: 457-465.

Stofferahn, E., Fisher, J.B., Hayes, D.J., Schwalm, C.R., Huntzinger, D.N., Hantson, W., Poulter, B., Zhang, Z., 2019. The Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment Model Benchmarking System. Environmental Research Letters 14(5): 055002.

Bogue, R.R., Schwandner, F.M., Fisher, J.B., Pavlick, R., Magney, T.S., Famiglietti, C.A., Cawse-Nicholson, K., Yadav, V., Linick, J.P., North, G.B., Duarte, E., 2019. Plant responses to volcanically elevated CO2 in two Costa Rican forests. Biogeosciences 16(6): 1343-1360.

Stoy, P., El-Madany, T., Fisher, J.B., Gentine, P., Gerken, T., Good, S., Liu, S., Miralles, D., Perez-Priego, O., Skaggs, T., Wohlfahrt, G., Anderson, R., Jung, M., Maes, W., Mammarella, I., Mauder, M., Migliavacca, M., Nelson, J., Poyatos, R., Reichstein, M., Scott, R., Wolf, S., 2019. Reviews and syntheses: Turning the challenges of partitioning ecosystem evaporation and transpiration into opportunities. Biogeosciences 16(19): 3747-3775.

Purdy, A.J., Kawata, J., Fisher, J.B., Reynolds, M., Om, G., Ali, Z., Babikian, J., Roman, C., Mann, L., 2019. Designing drought indicators. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 100(11): 2327-2341.

Schwalm, C.R., Schaefer, K., Fisher, J.B., Huntzinger, D., Elshorbany, Y., Fang, Y., Hayes, D., Jafarov, E., Michalak, A.M., Piper, M., Stofferahn, E., Wang, K., Wei, Y., 2019. Divergence in land surface modeling: linking spread to structure. Environmental Research Letters 1(11): 1-11.

Cooley, S.S., Williams, C.A, Fisher, J.B., Halverson, G.H, Perret, J., Lee, C.M., 2019. Assessing regional drought impacts on vegetation and evapotranspiration: a case study in Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Ecological Applications 29(2): 1-21.

McCabe, M.F., Miralles, D.G., Holmes, T.R.H., Fisher, J.B., 2019. Advances in the remote sensing of terrestrial evaporation. Remote Sensing 11(9): 1-8.

Kolus, H.R, Huntzinger, D.N, Schwalm, C.R., Fisher, J.B., McKay, N., Fang, Y., Michalak, A.M., Schaefer, K., Wei, Y., Poulter, B., Mao, J., Parazoo, N., Shi, X., 2019. Land carbon models underestimate the severity and duration of drought’s impact on plant productivity. Scientific Reports 9(1): 1-10.

Cui, E. Huang, K. Arain, M.A., Fisher, J.B., Huntzinger, D., Ito, A., Luo, Y., Jain, A., Mao, J., Michalak, A., Niu, S., Parazoo, N., Peng, C., Peng, S., Poulter, B., Ricciuto, D., Schaefer, K., Schwalm, C., Shi, X., Tian, H., Wang, W., Wang, J., We, Y., Yan, E.-R., Yan, L., Zeng, N., Zhu, Q., Xia, J., 2019. Vegetation functional properties determine uncertainty of simulated ecosystem productivity: a traceability analysis in the East Asian monsoon region. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 33: 1-22.

Guillevic, P., Olioso, A., Hook, S.J., Fisher, J.B., Lagouarde, J.-P., Vermote, E.F., 2019. Impact of the revisit of thermal infrared remote sensing observations on evapotranspiration uncertainty – A sensitivity study using AmeriFlux data. Remote Sensing 11(5): 1-32.

Xu, J., Yao, Y., Liang, S., Fisher, J.B., Jia, K., Zhang, X., Lin, Y., Zhang, L., Chen, X., 2019. Merging the MODIS and Landsat terrestrial latent heat flux products using the multiresolution tree method. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 57(5): 2811-2823.

Terrer, C., Jackson, R.B., Prentice, I.C., Keenan, T.F., Kaiser, C., Vicca, S., Fisher, J.B., Reich, P.B., Stocker, B.D., Hungate, B.A., Peñuelas, J., McCallum, I., Soudzilovskaia, N.A., Cernusak, L.A., Talhelm, A.F., Van Sudnert, K., Piao, S., Newton, P.C.D., Hovenden, M.J., Blumenthal, D.M., Liu, Y.Y., Müller, C., Winter, K., Field, C.B., Viechtbauer, W., Van Lissa, C., Hoosbeek, M., Watanabe, M., Koike, T., Leshyk, V., Polley, H., Franklin, O., 2019. Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass. Nature Climate Change 9: 684-689.

Soudzilovskaia, N.A., van Bodgeom, P.M., Terrer, C., van’t Zelfde, M., McCallum, I., McCormack, M.L., Fisher, J.B., Brundrett, M., de Sá, N.C., Tedersoo, L., 2019. Global mycorrhizal plants distribution linked to terrestrial carbon stocks. Nature Communications 10(5077): 1-10.

El Masri, B., Schwalm, C., Huntzinger, D.N., Mao, J., Shi, X., Peng, C., Fisher, J.B., Jain, A., Tian, H., Poulter, B., Michalak, A.M., 2019. Carbon and water use efficiencies: a comparative analysis of ten terrestrial ecosystem models under changing climate. Scientific Reports 9(1): 14680

Fisher, R.A., Wieder, W.R., Sanderson, B.M., Koven, C.D., Oleson, K.W., Xu, C., Fisher, J.B., Shi, M., Walker, A.P., Lawrence, D.M., 2019. Parametric controls on vegetation responses to biogeochemical forcing in the CLM5. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11(9): 2879-2895.

Schimel, D., Schneider, F.D., Bloom, A., Bowman, K., Cawse-Nicholson, K., Elder, C., Ferraz, A., Fisher, J.B., Hulley, G., Liu, J., Magney, T., Meyer, V., Miller, C., Parazoo, N., Pavlick, R., Podest, E., Saatchi, S., Stavros, N., Keller, M., Townsend, P., Zheng, T., 2019. Flux towers in the sky: global ecology from space. New Phytologist 224(2): 570-584.

Magney, T.S., Frankenberg, C., Köhler, P., North, G., Davis, T.S., Dold, C., Dutta, D., Fisher, J.B., Grossmann, K., Harrington, A., Hatfield, J., Stutz, J., Sun, Y., Porcar-Castell, A., 2019. Disentangling changes in the spectral shape of chlorophyll fluorescence: Implications for remote sensing of photosynthesis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 124: 1491-1507.

Yao, Y., Zhang, Y., Liu, Q., Liu, S., Jia, K., Zhang, X., Xu, Z., Xu, T., Chen, J., Fisher, J.B., 2019. Evaluation of a satellite-derived model parameterized by three soil moisture constraints to estimate terrestrial latent heat flux in the Heihe River Basin of Northwest China. Science of the Total Environment 695(133787): 1-14.

Liu, Y., Piao, S., Gasser, T., Ciais, P., Yang, H., Wang, H., Keenan, T.F., Huang, M., Wan, S., Song, J., Wang, K., Janssens, I.A., Peñuelas, J., Huntingford, C., Wang, X., Arain, M.A., Fang, Y., Fisher, J.B., Huang, M., Huntzinger, D.N., Ito, A., Jain, A.K., Mao, J., Michalak, A.M., Peng, C., Poulter, B., Schwalm, C., Shi, X., Tian, H., Wei, Y., Zeng, N., Zhu, Q., Wang, T., 2019. Field-experiment constraints on the enhancement of the terrestrial carbon sink by CO2 fertilisation. Nature Geoscience: 10.1038/s41561-019-0436-1.

Lawrence, D.M., Fisher, R.A., Koven, C.D., Oleson, K.W., Swenson, S.C., Bonan, G., Collier, N., Ghimire, B., van Kampenhout, L., Kennedy, D., Kluzek, E., Lawrence, P.J., Li, F., Li, H., Lombardozzi, D., Riley, W.J., Sacks, W.J., Shi, M., Vertenstein, M., Wieder, W.R., Xu, C., Ali, A.A., Badger, A.M., Bisht, G., Brunke, M.A., Burns, S.P., Buzan, J., Clark, M., Craig, A., Dahlin, K., Drewniak, B., Fisher, J.B., Flanner, M., Fox, A.M., Gentine, P., Hoffman, F., Keppel-Aleks, G., Knox, R., Kumar, S., Lenaerts, J., Leung, L.R., Lipscomb, W.H., Lu, Y., Pandey, A., Pelletier, J.D., Perket, J., Randerson, J.T., Ricciuto, D.M., Sanderson, B.M., Slater, A., Subin, Z.M., Tang, J., Thomas, R.Q., Val Martin, M., Zeng, X., 2019. The Community Land Model version 5: Description of new features, benchmarking, and impact of forcing uncertainty. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11(12): 4245-4287.

Fisher, J.B., Hayes, D.J., Schwalm, C.R., Huntzinger, D.N., Stofferahn, E., Schaefer, K., Luo, Y., Wullschleger, S.D., Goetz, S., Miller, C.E., Griffith, P., Chadburn, S., Chatterjee, A., Ciais, P., Douglas, T.A., Genet, H., Ito, A., Neigh, C.S.R., Poulter, B., Rogers, B.M., Sonnentag, O., Tian, H., Wang, W., Xue, Y., Yang, Z.-L., Zeng, N., 2018. Missing pieces to modeling the Arctic-Boreal puzzle. Environmental Research Letters 13(2): 020202.

Purdy, A.J., Fisher, J.B., Goulden, M.L., Colliander, A., Halverson, G., Tu, K., Famiglietti, J.S., 2018. SMAP soil moisture improves global evapotranspiration. Remote Sensing of Environment 219: 1-14.

Cawse-Nicholson, K., Fisher, J.B., Famiglietti, C.A., Braverman, A., Schwandner, F.M., Lewicki, J.L., Townsend, P.A., Schimel, D.S., Pavlick, R., Bormann, K.J., Ferraz, A., Kang, E.L., Ma, P., Bogue, R.R., Youmans, T., Pieri, D.C., 2018. Ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 using airborne remote sensing at Mammoth Mountain, California. Biogeosciences 15(24): 7403-7418.

Famiglietti, C.A., Fisher, J.B., Halverson, G., Borbas, E.E., 2018. Global validation of MODIS near-surface air and dew point temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters 45:

Luo, X., Keenan, T.F., Fisher, J.B., Jiménez-Muñoz, J.-C., Chen, J.M., Jiang, C., Ju, W., Perakalapudi, N.-V., Ryu, Y., Tadić, J.M., 2018. The impact of the 2015/2016 El Niño on global photosynthesis using satellite remote sensing. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 373: 20170409.

Singh, A., Behrangi, A., Fisher, J.B., Reager, J.T., 2018. On the desiccation of the South Aral Sea observed from spaceborne missions. Remote Sensing 10(793): doi:10.3390/rs10050793.

Bruhwiler, L., Michalak, A.M., Birdsey, R., Fisher, J.B., Houghton, R.A., Huntzinger, D.N., Miller, J.B., 2018. Chapter 1: Overview of the global carbon cycle. In: Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report. Cavallaro, N., Shrestha, G., Birsey, R., Mayes, M.A., Najjar, R.g., Reed, S.C., Romero-Lankao, P., Zhu, Z. (eds). U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA: 42-70.

Behrangi, A., Gardner, A., Reager, J.T., Fisher, J.B., Yang, D., Huffman, G.J., Adler, R.F., 2018. Using GRACE to estimate snowfall accumulation and assess gauge undercatch corrections in high latitudes. Journal of Climate 31(21): 8689-8704.

Aragon, B., Houborg, R., Tu, K., Fisher, J.B., McCabe, M., 2018. CubeSats enable high spatiotemporal retrievals of crop-water use for precision agriculture. Remote Sensing 10(12): 1-23.

Talsma, C.J., Good, S.P., Miralles, D.G., Fisher, J.B., Martens, B., Jiménez, C., Purdy, A.J., 2018. Sensitivity of evapotranspiration components in remote sensing-based models. Remote Sensing 10(1601): 1-28.

Jiménez, C., Martens, B., Miralles, D.M, Fisher, J.B., Beck, H.E., Fernández-Prieto, D., 2018. Exploring the merging of the global land evaporation WACMOS-ET product based on local measurements. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 22(8): 4513-4533.

Vinya, R., Malhi, Y., Brown, N.D., Fisher, J.B., Brodribb, T., Aragão, L.E.O.C., 2018. Seasonal changes in plant–water relations influence patterns of leaf display in Miombo woodlands: evidence of water conservative strategies. Tree Physiology 62: 1-9.

Talsma, C., Good, S.P., Jimenez, C., Martens, B., Fisher, J.B., Miralles, D.G., McCabe, M.F., Purdy, A.J., 2018. Partitioning of evapotranspiration in remote sensing-based models. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 260-261: 131-143.

Moyano, M.C., Garcia, M., Palacios-Orueta, A., Tornos, L., Fisher, J.B., Fernández, N., Recuero, L., Juana, L., 2018. Water use based on a thermal and optical remote sensing model in the semi-arid region of Doñana. Remote Sensing 10(7): 1105-1128.

Zhou, S., Liang, J., Lu, X., Li, Q., Jiang, L., Zhang, Y., Schwalm, C.R., Fisher, J.B., Tjiputra, J., Sitch, S., Ahlström, A., Huntzinger, D.N., Huang, Y., Wang, G., Luo, Y., 2018. Sources of uncertainty in modeled land carbon storage within and across three MIPs: diagnosis with three new techniques. Journal of Climate 31(7): 2833-2851.

Huang, K., Xia, J., Wang, Y., Ahlström, A., Chen, J., Cook, R.B., Cui, E., Fang, Y., Fisher, J.B., Huntzinger, D.N., Li, Z., Michalak, A.M., Qiao, Y., Schaefer, K., Schwalm, C., Wang, J., Wei, Y., Xu, X., Yan, L., Bian, C., Luo, Y., 2018. Enhanced peak growth of global vegetation and its key mechanisms. Nature Ecology & Evolution: 1-9. doi: 10.1038/s41559-018-0714-0.

Yao, Y., Liang, S., Cao, B., Liu, S., Yu, G., Jia, K., Zhang, X., Zhang, Y., Chen, J., Fisher, J.B., 2018. Satellite detection of water stress effects on terrestrial latent heat flux with MODIS shortwave infrared reflectance data. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres 123(11): 410-430.

Forbes, W., Mao, J., Jin, M., Kao, S.-C., Fu, W., Shi, X., Ricciuto, D., Thornton, P., Ribes, A., Wang, Y., Piao, S., Zhao, T., Schwalm, C., Hoffman, F., Fisher, J.B., Ito, A., Poulter, B., Fang, Y., Tian, H., Jain, A., 2018. Contribution of environmental forcings to US runoff changes for the period 1950-2010. Environmental Research Letters 13(5): 054023.

Fisher, J.B., Melton, F., Middleton, E., Hain, C., Anderson, M., Allen, R., McCabe, M.F., Hook, S., Baldocchi, D., Townsend, P.A., Kilic, A., Tu, K., Miralles, D.D., Perret, J., Lagouarde, J.-P., Waliser, D., Purdy, A.J., French, A., Schimel, D., Famiglietti, J.S., Stephens, G., Wood, E.F., 2017. The Future of Evapotranspiration: Global requirements for ecosystem functioning, carbon and climate feedbacks, agricultural management, and water resources. Water Resources Research 53(4): 2618-2626.

Colliander, A., Fisher, J.B., Halverson, G., Merlin, O., Misra, S., Bindlish, R., Jackson, T.J., Yueh, S., 2017. Spatial downscaling of SMAP soil moisture using MODIS land surface temperature and NDVI during SMAPVEX15. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 14(11):2107-2111.

Magney, T.S., Frankenberg, C., Fisher, J.B., Sun, Y., North, G.B., Davis, T.S., Kornfeld, A. Siebke, K., 2017. Connecting active to passive fluorescence with photosynthesis: a method for evaluating remote sensing measurements of chlorophyll fluorescence. New Phytologist 215(4): 1594-1608.

Qiu, B., Xue, Y., Fisher, J.B., Guo, W., Berry, J.A., Zhang, Y., 2018. Satellite chlorophyll fluorescence and soil moisture observations lead to advances in the predictive understanding of global terrestrial coupled carbon–water cycles. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 32: 1-16.

Schwalm, C.R., Anderegg, W.R.L., Michalak, A.M., Fisher, J.B., Biondi, F., Koch, G., Litvak, M., Ogle, K., Shaw, J.D., Wolf, A., Huntzinger, D.N., Schaefer, K., Cook, R., Wei, Y., Fang, Y., Hayes, D., Huang, M., Jain, A., Tian, H., 2017. Global patterns of drought recovery. Nature 548: 202-205.

Behrangi, A., Gardner, A., Reager, J.T., Fisher, J.B., 2017. Using GRACE to constrain precipitation amount over cold mountainous basins. Geophysical Research Letters 44: 1-9. doi:10.1002/2016GL071832.

Jeong, S.-J., Schimel, D., Frankenberg, C., Drewry, D., Fisher, J.B., Verma, M., Berry, J.A., Lee, J.-E., Joiner, J., 2017. Application of satellite solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence to understanding large-scale variations in vegetation phenology and function over northern high latitude forests. Remote Sensing of Environment 190: 178-187.

Andreadis, K.M., Das, N., Stampoulis, D., Ines, A., Fisher, J.B., Granger, S., Kawata, J., Han, E., Behrangi, A., 2017. The Regional Hydrologic Extremes Assessment System: A software framework for hydrologic modeling and data assimilation. PloS ONE 12(5): e0176506.

Zhou, S., Yu, B., Schwalm, C., Ciais, P., Zhang, Y., Fisher, J.B., Michalak, A., Wang, W., Poulter, B., Huntzinger, D., Niu, S., Mao, J., Jain, A., Ricciuto, D., Shi, X., Ito, A., Wei, Y., Huang, Y., Wang, G., 2017. Response of water use efficiency to global environmental change based on output from terrestrial biosphere models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 31(11): 1639-1655.

• Stavros, E.N., Schimel, D., Pavlick, R., Serbin, S., Swann, A., Duncanson, L., Fisher, J.B., Fassnacht, F., Ustin, S., Dubayah, R., Schweiger, A., Wennberg, P., 2017. ISS observations offer insights into plant function. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1(0194): 1-4.

Yao, Y., Liang, S., Yu, J., Chen, J., Liu, S., Lin, Y., Fisher, J.B., McVicar, T.R., Cheng, J., Jia, K., Zhang, X., Xie, X., Jiang, B., Sun, L., 2017. A simple temperature domain two-source model for estimating agricultural field surface energy fluxes from Landsat imagery. Journal of Geophysical Research- Atmospheres 122(10): 5211-5236.

Terrer, C., Vicca, S., Hungate, B.A., Phillips, R.P., Reich, P.B., Franklin, O., Stocker, B.D., Fisher, J.B., Prentice, I.C., 2017. Response to comment on “Mycorrhizal association as primary control of the CO2 fertilization effect”. Science 355(6323): 358-359.

Yao, Y., Liang, S., Li, X., Zhang, Y., Chen, J., Jia, K., Zhang, X., Fisher, J.B., Wang, X., Zhang, L., Xu, J., Shao, C., Posse, G., Li, Y., Magliulo, V., Varlagin, A., Moors, E.J., Boike, J., Macfarlane, C., Kato, T., Buchmann, N., Billesbach, D.P., Beringer, J., Wolf, S., Papuga, S.A., Wohlfahrt, G., Montagnani, L., Ardö, J., Paul-Limoges, E., Emmel, C., Hörtnagl, L., Sachs, T., Gruening, C., Gioli, B., López-Ballesteros, A., Steinbrecher, R., Gielen, B., 2017. Estimations of high-resolution terrestrial evapotranspiration from Landsat data using a simple Taylor skill fusion method. Journal of Hydrology 553: 508-526.

Fang, Y., Michalak, A.M., Schwalm, C., Huntzinger, D., Berry J.A., Ciais, P., Piao, S., Poulter, B., Fisher, J.B., Cook, R.B., Hayes, D., Huang, M., Ito, A., Lei, H., Mao, J., Parazoo, N., Shi, X., Tao, B., Wang, W., Wei, Y., Yang, J., 2017. Global land carbon sink response to temperature and precipitation varies with ENSO phase. Environmental Research Letters 12(6): 064007.

Yao, Y., Liang, S., Li, X., Chen, J., Liu, S., Jia, K., Zhang, X., Xiao, Z., Fisher, J.B., Mu, Q., Pan, M., Liu, M., Cheng, J., Jiang, B., Xie, X., Grünwald, T., Bernhofer, C., Roupsard, O., 2017. Improving global terrestrial evapotranspiration estimation using support vector machine by merging three process-based algorithms. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 242: 55-74.

Huntzinger, D.N., Michalak, A.M., Schwalm, C., Ciais, P., King, A.W., Fang, Y., Schaefer, K., Wei, Y., Cook, R.B., Fisher, J.B., Hayes, D., Huang, M., Ito, A., Jain, A.K., Lei, H., Lu, C., Maignan, F., Mao, J., Parazoo, N., Peng, S., Poulter, B., Ricciuto, D., Shi, X., Tian, H., Wang, W., Zeng, N., Zhao, F., 2017. Uncertainty in the response of terrestrial carbon sink to environmental drivers undermines carbon-climate feedback predictions. Scientific Reports 7(4765): 1-8.

Fisher, J.B., Sweeney, S., Brzostek, E.R., Evans, T.P., Johnson, D.J., Myers, J.A., Bourg, N.A., Wolf, A.T., Howe, R.W., Phillips, R.P., 2016. Tree–mycorrhizal associations detected remotely from canopy spectral properties. Global Change Biology 22(7): 2596-2607.

Fisher, J.B., Sikka, M., Huntzinger, D.N., Schwalm, C., Liu, J., 2016. 3-hourly temporal downscaling of monthly global terrestrial biosphere model net ecosystem exchange. Biogeosciences 13(14): 4271-4277.

• Shi, M., Fisher, J.B., Brzostek, E.R., Phillips. R.P., 2016. Carbon cost of plant nitrogen acquisition: global carbon cycle impact from an improved plant nitrogen cycle in the Community Land Model. Global Change Biology 22(3): 1299-1314.

Vergopolan, N., Fisher, J.B., 2016. The impact of deforestation on the hydrological cycle in Amazonia as observed from remote sensing. International Journal of Remote Sensing 37(22): 5412-5430.

Purdy, A., Fisher, J.B., Goulden, M.L., Famiglietti, J.S., 2016. Ground heat flux: an analytical review of 6 models evaluated at 88 sites and globally. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 121: doi:10.1002/2016JG003591.

Verma, M., Fisher, J.B., Mallick, K., Ryu, Y., Kobayashi, H., Guillaume, A., Moore, G., Ramakrishnan, L., Hendrix, V., Wolf, S., Sikka, M., Kiely, G., Wohlfahrt, G., Gielen, B., Roupsard, O., Toscano, P., Arain, M.A., Cascatti, A., 2016. Global surface net-radiation at 5 km from MODIS Terra. Remote Sensing 8(739): 1-20; doi:10.3390/rs8090739.

• Wolf, S., Keenan, T.F, Fisher, J.B., Baldocchi, D.D., Desai, A.R., Richardson, A.D., Scott, R.L., Law, B.E., Litvak, M.E., Brunsell, N.A., Peters, W., van der Laan-Luijkx, I.T., 2016. Warm spring reduced carbon cycle impact of the 2012 US summer drought. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 113(21): 5880-5885.

Cai, X., Yang, Z.-L., Fisher, J.B., Zhang, X., Barlage, M., Chen, F., 2016. Integration of nitrogen dynamics into the Noah-MP land model v1.1 for climate and environmental predictions. Geoscientific Model Development 9: 1-15.

Fang, K., Shen, C., Fisher, J.B., Niu, J., 2016. Improving Budyko-curve-based estimates of long-term water partitioning using hydrologic signatures from GRACE. Water Resources Research 52: 5537-5554.

Lee, J.-H., Biging, G.S., Fisher, J.B., 2016. An individual tree-based automated registration of aerial images to LiDAR data in a forested area. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 82(9): 699-710.

• Thomas, R.T., Prentice, I.C., Graven, H., Fisher, J.B., Huang, M., Huntzinger, D.N., Ito, A., Jacobson, A., Jain, A., Mao, J., Michalak, A., Peng, S., Poulter, B., Ricciuto, D.M., Shi, X., Schwalm, C., Tian, H., Zeng, N., 2016. Increased light-use efficiency in northern terrestrial ecosystems indicated by CO2 and greening observations. Geophysical Research Letters 43: 11339-11349.

Stampoulis, D., Andreadis, K.M., Granger, S.L., Fisher, J.B., Turk, J.F., Behrangi, A., Das, N.D., Ines, A.V., 2016. Assessing hydro-ecological vulnerability using microwave radiometric measurements from WindSat. Remote Sensing of Environment 184: 58-72.

Shao, J., Zhou, X., Luo, Y., Zhang, G., Yan, W., Li, J., Li, B., Dan, L., Fisher, J.B., Gao, Z., He, Y., Huntzinger, D., Jain, A.K., Mao, J., Meng, J., Michalak, A.M., Parazoo, N.C., Peng, C., Poulter, B., Schwalm, C.R., Shi, X., Sun, R., Tao, F., Tian, H., Wei, Y., Zeng, N., Zhu, Q., Zhu, W., 2016. Uncertainty analysis of terrestrial net primary productivity and net biome productivity in China during 1901-2005. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 121(5): 1372-1393.

Michel, D., Jimenez, C., Miralles, D.G., Jung, M., Hirschi, M., Ershadi, A., Martens, B., McCabe, M.F., Fisher, J.B., Mu, Q., Seneviratne, S.I., Wood, E.F., Fernandez-Prieto, D., 2016. The WACMOS-ET project – Part 1: tower-scale evaluation of four remote sensing-based evapotranspiration algorithms. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 20: 803-822.

Miralles, D.G., Jimenez, C., Jung, M., Michel, D., Ershadi, A., McCabe, M.F., Hirschi, M., Martens, B., Dolman, A.J., Fisher, J.B., Mu, Q., Seneviratne, S.I., Wood, E.F., Fernandez-Prieto, D., 2016. The WACMOS-ET project – Part 2: evaluation of global terrestrial evaporation data sets. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 20: 823-842.

Ali, A., Xu, C., Rogers, A., Fisher, R., Wullschleger, S., McDowell, N., Massoud, E., Vrugt, J., Muss, J., Fisher, J.B., Reich, P., Wilson, C., 2016. A global scale mechanistic model of the photosynthetic capacity (LUNA V1.0). Geoscientific Model Development 9:587-606.

Ito, A., Inatomi, M., Huntzinger, D.N., Schwalm, C., Michalak, A.M., Cook, R., King, A.W., Mao, J., Wei, Y., Post, W.M., Wang, W., Arain, M.A., Hayes, D.J., Ricciuto, D.M., Shi, X., Huang, M., Lei, H., Tian, H., Lu, C., Yang, J., Tao, B., Jain, A., Poulter, B., Peng, S., Ciais, P., Fisher, J.B., Parazoo, N., Schaefer, K., Peng, C., Zeng, N., Zhao, F., 2016. Decadal trends in the seasonal-cycle amplitude of terrestrial CO2 exchange: an analysis of Multi-scale Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project ensemble of terrestrial biosphere models. Tellus B 68(28968): 1-20.

Houborg, R., Fisher, J.B., Skidmore, A.K., 2015. Advances in remote sensing of vegetation function and traits. International Journal of Applied Observation and Geoinformation 43: 1-6.

• Badgley, G., Fisher, J.B., Jiménez, C., Tu, K.P., Vinukollu, R., 2015. On uncertainty in global terrestrial evapotranspiration estimates from choice of input forcing datasets. Journal of Hydrometeorology 16(4): 1449-1455.

Schimel, D., Stephens, B.B., Fisher, J.B., 2015. The effect of increasing CO2 on the terrestrial carbon cycle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 112(2): 436-441.

Schimel, D., Pavlick, R., Fisher, J.B., Asner, G., Saatchi, S., Miller, C., Frankenberg, C., Hibbard, K., Cox, P., 2015. Observing terrestrial ecosystems and the carbon cycle from space. Global Change Biology 21(5): 1762-1776.

Schwalm, C.R., Huntzinger, D.N., Fisher, J.B., Michalak, A.M., Bowman, K., Cias, P., Cook, R., El-Masri, B., Hayes, D., Huang, M., Ito, A., Jacobson, A., Jain, A., King, A.W., Lei, H., Liu, J., Lu, C., Mao, J., Peng, S., Poulter, B., Ricciuto, D., Schaefer, K., Shi, X., Tao, B., Tian, H., Wang, W., Wei, Y., Yang, J., Zeng, N., 2015. Toward “optimal” integration of terrestrial biosphere models. Geophysical Research Letters 42(11): 4418-4428.

Yuan, W., Chen, Y., Xia, J., Fisher, J.B., Dong, W., Zhang, X., Liang, S., Ye, A., Cai, W., Feng, J., 2015. Using Bayesian model averaging to estimate terrestrial evapotranspiration in China. Journal of Hydrology 528: 537-549.

Mao, J., Fu, W., Shi, X., Ricciuto, D., Fisher, J.B., Dickinson, R., Wei, Y., Shem, W., Piao, S., Wang, K., Schwalm, C., Tian, H., Mu, M., Arain, A., Ciais, P., Cook, R., Dai, Y., Hayes, D., Hoffman, F., Huang, M., Huang, S., Huntzinger, D., Ito, A., Jain, A., King, A., Lei, H., Lu, C., Michalak, A., Parazoo, N., Peng, C., Peng, S., Poulter, B., Schaefer, K., Jafarov, E., Thornton, P., Wang, W., Zeng, N., Zhenzhong, Z., Fang, Z., Zhu, Q., Zhu, Z., 2015. Disentangling climatic and anthropogenic controls on global terrestrial evapotranspiration trends. Environmental Research Letters 10: 094008.

Yao, Y., Liang, S., Li, X., Chen, J., Wang, K., Jia, K., Cheng, J., Jiang, B., Fisher, J.B., Mu, Q., Grünwald, T., Bernhofer, C., Roupsard, O., 2015. A satellite-based hybrid algorithm to determine the Priestley-Taylor parameter for global terrestrial latent heat flux estimation across multiple biomes. Remote Sensing of Environment 165: 216-233.

Fisher, J.B., Huntzinger, D.N., Schwalm, C.R., Sitch, S., 2014. Modeling the terrestrial biosphere. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 39: 91-123.

Fisher, J.B., Sikka, M., Oechel, W.C., Huntzinger, D.N., Melton, J.R., Koven, C.D., Ahlström, A., Arain, M.A., Baker, I., Chen, J.M., Ciais, P., Davidson, C., Dietze, M., El-Masri, B., Hayes, D., Huntingford, C., Jain, A.K., Levy, P.E., Lomas, M.R., Poulter, B., Price, D., Sahoo, A.K., Schaefer, K., Tian, H., Tomelleri, E., Verbeeck, H., Viovy, Wania, R., N., Zeng, N., Miller, C.E., 2014. Carbon cycle uncertainty in the Alaskan Arctic. Biogeosciences 11(15): 4271-4288.

Brzostek, E.R., Fisher, J.B., Phillips, R.P., 2014. Modeling the carbon cost of plant nitrogen acquisition: mycorrhizal trade-offs and multi-path resistance uptake improve predictions of retranslocation. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 119(8): 1684-1697.

Armanios, D., Fisher, J.B., 2014. Measuring water availability with limited ground data: An entirely remote sensing-based hydrologic budget model of the Rufiji Basin, Tanzania using TRMM, GRACE, MODIS, SRB and AIRS. Hydrological Processes 28(3): 853-867.

Parazoo, N.C., Bowman, K., Fisher, J.B., Frankenberg, C., Jones, D.B.A., Cescatti, A., Pérez-Priego, Ó, Wohlfahrt, G., Montagnani, L., 2014. Terrestrial gross primary production inferred from satellite fluorescence and vegetation models. Global Change Biology 20(10): 3103-3121.

Behrangi, A., Andreadis, K., Fisher, J.B., Turk, F.J., Granger, S., Painter, T., Das, N., 2014. Satellite-based precipitation estimation and its application for streamflow prediction over mountainous western US basins. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 53: 2823-2842.

Behrangi, A., Wong, S., Mallick, K., Fisher, J.B., 2014. On the net surface water exchange rate estimated from remote sensing observation and reanalysis. International Journal of Remote Sensing 35(6): 2170-2185.

Chen, Y., Xia, J., Liang, S., Feng, J., Fisher, J.B., Li, X., Li, X., Liu, S., Ma, Z., Miyata, A., Mu, Q., Sun, L., Tang, J., Wang, K., Wen, J., Xue, Y., Yu, G., Zha, T., Zhang, L., Zhang, Q., Zhao, T., Zhao, L., Zhou, G., Yuan, W., 2014. Comparison of satellite-based evapotranspiration models over terrestrial ecosystems in China. Remote Sensing of Environment 140: 279-293.

Parazoo, N.C., Bowman, K. Frankenberg, C., Lee, J.-E., Fisher, J.B., Worden, J., Jones, D.B.A., Berry, J., Collatz, G.J., Baker, I.T., Jung, M., Liu, J., Osterman, G., O’Dell, C., Sparks, A., Butz, A., Guerlet, S., Yoshida, Y., Chen, H., Gerbig, C., 2013. Interpreting seasonal changes in the carbon balance of southern Amazonia using measurements of XCO2 and chlorophyll fluorescence from GOSAT. Geophysical Research Letters 40(11): 2829-2833.

Yao, Y., Liang, S., Li, X., Hong, Y., Fisher, J.B., Zhang, N., Chen, J., Cheng, J., Zhao, S., Zhang, X., Jiang, B., Sun, L., Jia, K., Wang, K., Chen, Y., Mu, Q., Feng, F., 2014. Bayesian multimodel estimation of global terrestrial latent heat flux from eddy covariance, meteorological, and satellite observations. Journal of Geophysical Research 119(8): 4521-4545.

Deng, F., Jones, D.B.A., Henze, D.K., Bousserez, N., Bowman, K.W., Fisher, J.B., Nassar, R., O’Dell, C., Wunch, D., Wennberg, P.O., Kort, E.A., Wofsy, S.C., Blumkenstock, T., Deutscher, N.M., Griffith, D., Hase, F., Heikkinen, P., Sherlock, V., Strong, K., Sussmann, R., Warneke, T., 2014. Inferring regional sources and sinks of atmospheric CO2 from GOSAT XCO2 data. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14: 3703-3727.

Christoffersen, B.O., Restrepo-Coupe, N., Arain, M.A., Baker, I.T., Cestaro, B.P., Ciais, P., Fisher, J.B., et al., 2014. Mechanisms of water supply and vegetation demand govern the seasonality and magnitude of evapotranspiration in Amazonia and Cerrado. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 191: 33-50.

Clark, K.E., Torres, M.A., West, A.J., Hilton, R.G., New, M., Horwath, A.B., Fisher, J.B., Rapp, J.M., Robles Caceres, A., Malhi, Y., 2014. The hydrological regime of a forested tropical Andean valley. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18: 5377-5397.

Traore, A.K., Ciais, P., Vuichard, N., McBean, N., Dardel, C., Poulter, B., Piao, S., Fisher, J.B., Viovy, N., Jung, M., Myneni, R., 2014. 1982-2010 trends of African Light Use Efficiency and inherent Water Use Efficiency: sensitivity to climate and atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Remote Sensing 6: 8923-8944.

Traore, A.K., Ciais, P., Vuichard, N., Poulter, B., Viovy, N., Guimberteau, M., Jung, M., Myneni, R., Fisher, J.B., 2014. Evaluation of the ORCHIDEE ecosystem model over Africa against 25 years of satellite-based water and carbon measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research–Biogeosciences 119(8): 1554-1575.

Girardin, C.A.J., Silva-Espejo, J.E., Doughty, C.E., Huaraca Huasco, W., Metcalfe, D.B., Durand-Baca, L., Marthews, T.R., Aragão, L.E.O.C., Farfán-Rios, W., García-Cabrera, K., Halladay, K., Fisher, J.B., Galiano-Cabrera, D.F., Huaraca-Quispe, L.P., Alzamora-Taype, I., Eguiluz-Mora, L., Salinas-Revilla, N., Silman, M.R., Meir, P., Malhi, Y., 2014. Productivity and carbon allocation in a tropical montane cloud forest in the Peruvian Andes. Plant Ecology & Diversity 7(1-2): 107-123.

Malhi, Y., Farfán Amézquita, F., Doughty, C.E., Silva-Espejo, J.E., Girardin, C.A.J., Metcalfe, D.B., Aragão, L.E.O.C., Huaraca-Quispe, L.P., Alzamora-Taype, I., Eguiluz-Mora, L., Marthews, T.R., Halladay, K., Quesada, C.A., Robertson, A.L., Fisher, J.B., Zaragoza-Castells, J., Rojas-Villagra, C.M., Pelaez-Tapia, Y., Salinas, N., Meir, P., Phillips, O.L., 2014. The productivity, metabolism and carbon cycle of two lowland tropical forest plots in south-western Amazonia, Peru. Plant Ecology & Diversity 7(1-2): 85-105.

Fisher, J.B., Sikka, M., Sitch, S., Ciais, P., Poulter, B., Galbraith, D., Lee, J.-E., Huntingford, C., Viovy, N., Zeng, N., Ahlström, A., Levy, P.E., Lomas, M.R., Frankenberg, C., Saatchi S., Malhi, Y., 2013. African tropical rainforest net CO2 fluxes in the 20th century. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 368(1625): doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0376.

Fisher, J.B., Malhi, Y., Torres, I.C., Metcalfe, D.B., van de Weg, M., Meir, P., Espejo, J.E.S., Huaraca, W., 2013. Nutrient limitation in rainforests and cloud forests along a 3000 m elevation gradient in the Peruvian Andes. Oecologia 172(3): 889-902.

Mallick, K., Jarvis, A., Fisher, J.B., Tu, K.P., Boegh, E., Niyogi, D., 2013. Latent heat flux and canopy conductance based on Penman-Monteith, Priestley-Taylor equation, and Bouchet’s complementary hypothesis. Journal of Hydrometeorology 14: 419-442.

Vinya, R., Malhi, Y., Fisher, J.B., Brown, N., Brodribb, T., Aragão, L.E., 2013. Xylem cavitation vulnerability influences tree species’ habitat preference in miombo woodlands. Oecologia 173: 711-720.

Schwalm, C.R., Huntzinger, D.N., Michalak, A.M., Fisher, J.B., Kimball, J.S., Mueller, B., Zhang, K., Zhang, Y., 2013. Sensitivity of inferred climate model skill to evaluation decisions: a case study using CMIP5 evapotranspiration. Environmental Research Letters 8: 024028.

Mallick, K., Jarvis, A.J, Boegh, E., Fisher, J.B., Drewry, D.T., Tu, K.P., Hook, S.J., Hulley, G., Ardö, J., Beringer, J., Arain, A., Niyogi, D., 2013. A Surface Temperature Initiated Closure (STIC) for surface energy balance fluxes. Remote Sensing of Environment 141: 243-261.

Lee, J.-H., Biging, G.S., Radke, J.D., Fisher, J.B., 2013. An improved topographic mapping technique from airborne LiDAR: application in a forested hillside. International Journal of Remote Sensing 34(20): 7293-7311.

Yao, Y., Liang, S., Cheng, J., Liu, S., Fisher, J.B., Jia, K., Zhao, X., Zhou, G., Zhou, G., Li, Y., Zhao, S., 2013. MODIS-driven estimation of terrestrial latent heat flux in China based on a modified Priestley-Taylor algorithm. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 171-172: 187-202.

McCabe, M., Miralles, D., Jimenez, C., Ershadi, A., Fisher, J., Mu, Z., Liang, M., Mueller, B., Sheffield, J., Seneviratne, S., Wood, E., 2013. Global-scale estimation of land surface heat fluxes from space: product assessment and intercomparison. In: Remote Sensing of Energy Fluxes and Soil Moisture Content, Ed. Petropoulos, G.P. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. 538 pp.

Kelley, D., Prentice, I.C., Harrison, S., Wang, H., Simard, M., Fisher, J.B., Willis, K., 2013. A comprehensive benchmarking system for evaluating global vegetation models. Biogeosciences 10: 3313-3340.

Lee, J.-E., Frankenberg, C., van der Tol, C., Berry, J.A., Guanter, L., Boyce, C.K., Fisher, J.B., Morrow, E., Worden, J., Asefi, S., Badgley, G., Saatchi, S., 2013. Forest productivity and water stress in Amazonia: observations from GOSAT chlorophyll fluorescence. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 280: 20130171.

Mueller, B., Hirschi, M., Jimenez, C., Ciais, P., Dirmeyer, P.A., Dolman, A.J., Fisher, J.B., Jung, M., Ludwig, F., Maignan, F., Miralles, D.G., McCabe, M.F., Reichstein, M., Sheffield, J., Wang, K., Wood, E.F., Zhang, Y., Seneviratne, S.I., 2013. Benchmark products for land evapotranspiration: LandFlux-EVAL multi-dataset synthesis. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17: 3707-3720.

de Gonçalves, L.G.G., Borak, J.S., Costa, M.H., Saleska, S.R., Baker, I., Restrepo-Coupe, N., Muza, M.N., Poulter, B., Verbeeck, H., Fisher, J.B., Arain, M.A., Arkin, P., Cestaro, B.P., Christoffersen, B., Galbraith, D., Guan, X., van den Hurk, B.J.J.M., Ichii, K., Acicoli Imbuzeiro, H.M., Jain, A.K., Levine, N., Lu, C., Miguez-Macho, G., Roberti, D.R., Sahoo, A., Sakaguchi, K., Schaefer, K., Shi, M., Shuttleworth, W.J., Tian, H., Yang, Z.-L., Zeng, X., 2013. Overview of the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazônia Data Model Intercomparison Project (LBA-DMIP). Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 182-183: 111-127.

Magagi, R., Berg, A., Goïta, K., Belair, S., Jackson, T., Toth, B., Walker, A., McNairn, H., O’Neill, P., Moghaddam, M., Gherboudj, I., Colliander, A., Cosh, M., Belanger, J., Burgin, M., Fisher, J.B., et al., 2013. Canadian Experiment for Soil Moisture in 2010 (CanEX-SM10): Overview and preliminary results. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 51(1): 347-363.

von Randow, C., Zeri, M., Restrepo-Coupe, N., Muza, M.N., de Goncalves, L.G.G., Costa, M.H., Araujo, A.C., Manzi,A.O., da Rocha, H.R., Saleska, S.R., Arain, M.A., Baker, I.T., Cestaro, B.P., Christoffersen, B., Ciais, P., Fisher, J.B., Galbraith, D., Guan, X., van der Hurk, B., Ichii, K., Imbuzeiro, H., Jain, A., Levine, N., Miguez-Macho, G., Poulter, B., Roberti, D.R., Sahoo, A., Schaefer, K., Shi, M., Tian, H., Verbeeck, H., Yang, Z.-L., 2013. Inter-annual variability of carbon and water fluxes in Amazonian forest, Cerrado and pasture sites, as simulated by terrestrial biosphere models. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 182-183(15): 145-155.

Fisher, J.B., Badgley, G., Blyth, E., 2012. Global nutrient limitation in terrestrial vegetation. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 26, GB3007, doi:10.1029/2011GB004252. (InfoGraphic)

Moore, S., Fisher, J.B., 2012. Challenges and opportunities in GRACE-based groundwater storage assessment and management: an example from Yemen. Water Resources Management 26: 1425-1453.

Morel, A., Fisher, J.B., Malhi, Y., 2012. Evaluating the potential to monitor aboveground biomass in forest and oil palm in Sabah, Malaysia, for 2000-2008 with Landsat ETM+ and ALOS-PALSAR. International Journal of Remote Sensing 33(11): 3614-3639.

• Polhamus, A.M., Fisher, J.B., Tu, K.P., 2012. What controls the error structure in evapotranspiration models? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 169: 12-24.

Boroon, M.H.R., Fisher, J.B., 2012. Linking groundwater quality and quantity: an assessment of satellite-based groundwater storage anomalies from GRACE against ground measurements of contaminants in California. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering B 1: 1271-1284.

Vinya, R., Malhi, Y., Brown, N., Fisher, J.B., 2012. Functional coordination between branch hydraulic properties and leaf functional traits in miombo woodlands: Implications for water stress management and species habitat preference. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 34(5): 1701-1710.

• Papale, D., Agarwal, D.A., Baldocchi, D., Cook, R.B., Fisher, J.B., van Ingen, C., 2012. Database maintenance, data sharing policy, collaboration. In: Aubinet, M., Vesala, T., Papale, D. (eds) Eddy Covariance: A Practical Guide to Measurement and Data Analysis, pp. 299-424, Springer, New York.

Lee, J.-E., Lintner, B.R., Neelin, J.D., Jiang, X., Boyce, C.K., Fisher, J.B., Perron, J.T., Kubar, T.L., Pierrehumbert, R.T., Lee, J., Worden, J., 2012. Reduction of tropical land region precipitation variability via transpiration. Geophysical Research Letters 39: L19704, doi:10.1029/2012gl053417.

Luo, Y.Q., Randerson, J., Abramowitz, G., Bacour, C., Blyth, E., Carvalhais, N., Ciais, P., Dalmonech, D., Fisher, J.B., Fisher, R., Friedlingstein, P., Hibbard, K., Hoffman, F., Huntzinger, D., Jones, C.D., Koven, C., Lawrence, D., Li, D.J., Mahecha, M., Niu, S.L., Norby, R., Piao, S.L., Qi, X., Peylin, P., Prentice, I.C., Riley, W., Reichstein, M., Schwalm, C., Wang, Y.-P., Xia, J.Y., Zaehle, S., Zhou, X.H., 2012. A framework of benchmarking land models. Biogeosciences 9: 3857-3874.

• Marthews, T.R., Malhi, Y., Girardin, C.A.J., Silva Espejo, J.E., Aragão, L.E.O.C., Metcalfe, D.B., Rapp, J.M., Mercado, L.M., Fisher, R.A., Galbraith, D.R., Fisher, J.B., Salinas-Revilla, N., Friend, A.D., Restrepo-Coupe, N., 2012. Simulating forest productivity along a neotropical elevational transect: temperature variation and carbon use efficiency. Global Change Biology 18(9): 2882-2898.

Fisher, J.B., Whittaker, R., Malhi, Y., 2011.  ET Come Home: Potential evapotranspiration in geographical ecology. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 1-18.

Frankenberg, C., Fisher, J.B., Worden, J., Badgley, G., Saatchi, S.S., Lee, J.-E., Toon, G.C., Butz, A., Jung, M., Kuze, A., Yokota, T., 2011. New global observations of the terrestrial carbon cycle from GOSAT: Patterns of plant fluorescence with gross primary productivity. Geophysical Research Letters 38: L17706, doi:10.1029/2011GL048738.

Attua, E.M., Fisher, J.B., 2011. Historical and future land cover change in a municipality of Ghana. Earth Interactions 15(9): 1-26.

Krishnamurthy, P.K., Fisher, J.B., Johnson, C., 2011. Mainstreaming local perceptions of hurricane risk into policymaking: A case study of community-based vulnerability GIS in Mexico. Global Environmental Change 21: 143-153.

Simard, M., Pinto, N., Fisher, J.B., Baccini, A., 2011. Mapping forest canopy height globally with spaceborne LiDAR. Journal of Geophysical Research 116: G04021, doi:10.1029/2011JG001708. (Research Spotlight in Eos)

Osti, M., Coad, L., Fisher, J.B., Bomhard, B., Hutton, J.M., 2011. Oil and gas development and the World Heritage network and wider protected area network in sub-Saharan Africa. Biodiversity & Conservation 20(9): 1863-1877.

Vinukollu, R.K., Wood, E.F., Ferguson, C.R., Fisher, J.B., 2011. Global estimates of evapotranspiration for climate studies using multi-sensor remote sensing data: Evaluation of three process-based approaches. Remote Sensing of Environment 115: 801-823.

Thomas, M.V., Malhi, Y., Fenn, K.M., Fisher, J.B., Morecroft, M.D., Lloyd, C.R., Taylor, M.E., McNeil, D.D., 2011. Carbon dioxide fluxes over an ancient broadleaved deciduous woodland in southern England. Biogeosciences 8: 1595-1613.

Zelazowski, P., Malhi, Y., Huntingford, C., Sitch, S., Fisher, J.B., 2011. Changes in the potential distribution of humid tropical forests on a warmer planet. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A – Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences 369: 137-160.

Macdonald, E.A., Collins, M., Clayton, L.M., Malhi, Y., Fisher, J.B., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Macdonald, D.W., 2011. Wildlife Conservation and Reduced Emissions from Deforestation in a case study of Nantu Wildlife Reserve, Sulawesi: 1. The effectiveness of forest protection - many measures, one goal. Environmental Science & Policy 14(6): 697-708.

Mueller, B., Seneviratne, S.I., Jiménez, C., Corti, T., Hirschi, M., Balsamo, G., Ciais, P., Dirmeyer, P., Fisher, J.B., Guo, Z., Jung, M., Maignan, F., McCabe, M.F., Reichle, R., Reichstein, M., Rodell, M., Sheffield, J., Teuling, A.J., Wang, K., Wood, E.F., Zhang, Y., 2011. Evaluation of global observations-based evapotranspiration datasets and IPCC AR4 simulations. Geophysical Research Letters 38: L06402, doi:10.1029/2010GL046230.

Jiménez, C., Prigent, C., Mueller, B., Seneviratne, S.I., McCabe, M.F., Wood, E.F., Rossow, W.B., Balsamo, G., Betts, A.K., Dirmeyer, P.A., Fisher, J.B., Jung, M., Kanamitsu, M., Reichle, R.H., Reichstein, M., Rodell, M., Sheffield, J., Tu, K., Wang, K., 2011. Global inter-comparison of 12 land surface heat flux estimates. Journal of Geophysical Research 116: D02102, doi:10.1029/2010JD014545.

Fisher, J.B., Sitch, S., Malhi, Y., Fisher, R.A., Huntingford, C., Tan, S.-Y., 2010.  Carbon cost of plant nitrogen acquisition: A mechanistic, globally-applicable model of plant nitrogen uptake, retranslocation and fixation. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 24: GB1014, doi:10.1029/2009GB003621.

Fisher, J.B., Fortmann, L.P., 2010.  Governing the data commons: Policy, practice, and the advancement of science. Information & Management 47: 237-245.

Gibbon, A., Silman, M.R., Malhi, Y., Fisher, J.B., Meir, P., Zimmermann, M., Dargie, G.C., Farfan, W., Cabrera, K.G., 2010. Ecosystem carbon storage across the grassland-forest transition in the high Andes of Manu National Park, Peru. Ecosystems 13: 1097-1111.

Phillips, O.L., van der Heijden, G., López-González, G., Aragão, L.E.O.C., Lewis, S.L., Lloyd, J.J., Malhi, Y., Monteaugudo, A., Almeida, S., Dávila, E.A., Amaral, I., Andelman, S., Andrade, A., Arroyo, L., Aymard, G., Baker, T.R., Blanc, L., Bonal, D., de Oliveira, A.C.A., Chao, K.-J., Cardozo, N.D., da Costa, L., Feldpausch, T.R., Fisher, J.B., et al., 2010. Drought-mortality relationships for tropical forests. New Phytologist 187: 631-646.

Fisher, J.B., Malhi, Y., de Araújo, A.C., Bonal, D., Gamo, M., Goulden, M.L., Hirano, T., Huete, A.R., Kondo, H., Kumagai, T., Loescher, H., Miller, S., Nobre, A.D., Nouvellon, Y., Oberbauer, S.F., Panuthai, S., von Randow, C., da Rocha, H.R., Roupsard, O., Saleska, S., Tanaka, K., Tanaka, N., Tu, K.P., 2009.  The land-atmosphere water flux in the tropics. Global Change Biology 15: 2694-2714. (Cover article).

Fisher, J.B., 2009. Canopy nitrogen and albedo from remote sensing: What exactly are we seeing? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 106(7): E16.

Fisher, J.B., 2009. Book review of “Quantifying and Understanding Plant Nitrogen Uptake for Systems Modeling” edited by Ma et al. Experimental Agriculture 45(3): 377.

Phillips, O.L., Aragão, L., Lewis, S.L., Fisher, J.B., et al., 2009.  Drought sensitivity of the Amazon rainforest. Science 323(5919): 1344-1347.

Ostle, N.J., Smith, P., Fisher, R., Woodward, F.I., Fisher, J.B., Smith, J.U., Galbraith, D., Levy, P., Meir, P., McNamara, N.P., Bardgett, R.D., 2009. Integrating plant-soil interactions into global carbon models. Journal of Ecology 97: 851-863.

Fisher, J.B., Tu, K.P., Baldocchi, D.D., 2008. Global estimates of the lan